Utterly dependent on the standard of the competition. Dean Saunders 1. The same goes for win percentage. So it is at this point that 'regression to the mean' sweeps in. The principle of regression to the mean is that luck fluctuates, but over time it evens out. Unfortunately, time is the one thing most managers don't have. By the time your luck has eventually evened itself out, somebody else may well be sitting in your dugout. This is why new managers often get a short-term "bounce" when taking over a club.
Sacked managers and as a Premier League manager, you're twice as likely to be sacked as you are to resign, retire or get headhunted by another club are often the victims of bad luck as much as anything else. When fortunes change for the better, it is the new man who gets the credit.
The high jump is a track and field event in which competitors must jump unaided over a horizontal bar placed at measured heights without dislodging it. Ramsey was not especially popular socially, nor particularly diligent as a student, but he excelled in sports. Archived from the original on 24 October Tottenham became a great side through push-and-run, which was tailor-made for Alf. Football, when we learned to play it as boys, seemed brutally simple—an affair of kick and run, with strength, endurance, and a touch of skill carrying the day. Retrieved 23 August
A lot of the time, results would have improved anyway. This article explains the phenomenon in a bit more detail. How does this help us?
Well, one way of assessing a manager is by comparing his performance with the guy who came before him. But if the previous guy was sacked after a run of bad luck, that's going to skew the figures. Similarly, the next guy is likely to benefit from an initial run of good luck. Which brings us to the big idea: why not compare both at the same time? This is the method: we've worked out the average points per game of every single man who has managed a Premier League club in the last five seasons.
Then, we took the last 19 games before they arrived at the club, and the first 19 games after they left, and added them together. That's a game sample - an entire season's worth of data - against which to make a comparison. The idea is to see which managers have over-performed or under-performed, relative to the approximate quality and status of the club they were managing. Think of it as a measure of a manager's "added value". An example might help. So, let's take Kenny Dalglish's season-and-a-half at Liverpool. During his 56 games in charge, they won 85 points.
That's an average of 1. Liverpool won 24 points in the 19 games before Dalglish started, and 25 in the 19 games after he left. That's a total of 49 points in 38 games, or an average of 1. On this evidence, then, Dalglish did a little bit better than expected, given Liverpool's standard at the time.
Some points to make. First of all, because the calculation relies on matches played after a manager has departed, it doesn't work on current managers, or managers who left their job recently. Which makes a sort of weird sense: for example, we won't know exactly how good an Arsenal manager Wenger was until we've seen someone else have a go. For any match other than the final, if the teams were still tied after extra time, lots would be drawn to determine the winner; the final would have been replayed.
In the event, no replays or drawing of lots was necessary; the draw for the final tournament, taking place on 6 January at the Royal Garden Hotel in London was the first to be televised, with England , West Germany and Italy as seeds. The opening match took place on Monday 11 July. With the exception of the first tournament, which commenced on 13 July , every other tournament has commenced in May or June; the final took place on 30 the 36th anniversary of the first final.
This remains the latest date; the reason for the unusually late scheduling of the tournament appears to lie with the outside broadcast commitments of the BBC, which had commitments to cover Wimbledon and the Open Golf Championship.
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This was exemplified by Alf Ramsey's England as they finished top of Group 1 with only four goals, but having none scored against them, they became the first World Cup winning team not to win its first game in the tournament. Uruguay were the other team to qualify from that group at the expense of both France. All the group's matches were played at Wembley Stadium apart from the match between Uruguay and France which took place at White City Stadium.
In Group 2, West Germany and Argentina qualified with ease as they both finished the group with 5 points, Spain managed 2, while Switzerland left the competition after losing all three group matches. Dagenham Dagenham is a suburban town in East London, England.
In the London Borough of Barking and Dagenham , it is A parish in the county of Essex , it was an agrarian village and remained undeveloped until , when the London County Council began construction of the large Becontree estate; the population of the area increased in the 20th century, with the parish of Dagenham becoming an urban district in and a municipal borough in It has formed part of Greater London since and is a predominantly residential area, with some areas of declining industrial activity, including the Ford Dagenham plant; the southern part of Dagenham, adjacent to the River Thames , forms part of the London Riverside section of the Thames Gateway redevelopment area.
A acre riverside site was developed to become Europe's largest car plant, a vast vertically integrated site with its own blast furnaces and power station, importing iron ore and exporting finished vehicles. At its peak the Dagenham plant had 4,, square feet of floor space and employed over 40, people, although this number fell during the final three decades of the 20th century as production methods advanced and Ford invested in other European factories as well. On 20 February , full production was discontinued due to overcapacity in Europe and the relative difficulty of upgrading the year-old site compared with other European sites such as Almussafes and Cologne.
Other factors leading to the closure of the Auto-assembly line were the need of the site for the new Diesel Centre of Excellence, which produces half of Ford's Diesel Engines worldwide, the UK employment laws when compared to Spanish and Belgian laws. Ford and Cummins offered a good redundancy package, billed as one of the best in UK manufacturing, it is the location of the Dagenham wind turbines.
Some 4, people now work at the Ford plant; the movie Made in Dagenham is a dramatisation of the Ford sewing machinists strike at the plant, when female workers walked out in protest against sexual discrimination and unequal pay. Sterling who were famous for manufacturing British Army weapons and Jaguar car parts were based in Dagenham until they went bankrupt in It was abandoned in The council has decided, they will redevelop it with a new shopping centre: stores announced so far are a Sainsbury's supermarket and a pub restaurant. More stores will be announced in the future.
Dagenham was an ancient, civil, parish in the Becontree hundred of Essex; the Metropolitan Police District was extended in to include Dagenham. The parish formed part of the Romford Rural District from Dagenham Parish Council offices were located on Bull Street; the expansion of the Greater London conurbation into the area caused the review of local government structures, it was suggested in that the Dagenham parish should be abolished and its area divided between Ilford Urban District and Barking Town Urban District.
Separately, the London County Council proposed that its area of responsibility should be expanded beyond the County of London to cover the area. Instead, in the Dagenham parish was removed from the Romford Rural District and designated as an urban district. In , in further recognition of its development, Dagenham became a municipal borough. In the Municipal Borough of Dagenham was abolished and its former area became part of the London Borough of Barking , renamed Barking and Dagenham in In a new direct route from Barking to Pitsea , via Upminster , was built with Dagenham station opened just north of the village.
Dagenham Dock station opened on the original southern route in Dagenham was still an undeveloped village, when building of the vast Becontree estate by the London County Council began in the early s; the building of the enormous council estate, which spread into the neighbouring parishes of Ilford and Barking, caused a rapid increase in population.
In the electrified District line of the London Underground was extended to Upminster through Dagenham with stations opened as Dagenham and Heathway and today called Dagenham East and Dagenham Heathway.
Dagenham East was the location of the Dagenham East rail crash in Southampton F. Southampton Football Club is a professional association football club based in Southampton, England , which plays in the Premier League , the top tier of English football. Their home ground since has been St Mary's Stadium , before; the club has been nicknamed "The Saints" since its inception in due to its history as a church football team, founded as St. Southampton has a long-standing rivalry with Portsmouth due to its close proximity and both cities' respective maritime history.
Matches between the two sides are known as the South Coast derby; the club has won the FA Cup once, in , their highest-ever league finish was second in the First Division in — Southampton were relegated from the Premier League on 15 May , ending 27 successive seasons of top-division football for the club, they returned after a seven-year absence, have played there since.
Southampton were founded at St. Mary's Church, on 21 November by members of the St.
Mary's Y. Mary's Young Men's Association F. Mary's F. Mary's when the club joined the Southern League in After winning the Southern League title in —97 , the club became a limited company and was renamed Southampton F.
Southampton won the Southern League championship for three years running between and and again in , and Although they would spend the next years there, the future was far from certain in those early days and the club had to rent the premises first before they could afford to buy the stadium in the early part of the 20th century; the club reached the first of their four FA Cup Finals in On that day, they went down 4—0 to Bury and two years they would suffer a similar fate at the hands of Sheffield United as they were beaten 2—1 in a replay of the final.
After World War I , Saints joined the newly formed Football League Third Division in which split into South and North sections a year later; the —22 season ended in triumph with promotion and marked the beginning of a year stay in the Second Division.